The Uniform Relocation Act Does Not Provide a Private Right of Action to Property Owners
Posted in Court Decisions

On March 7th, a U.S. District Court sided with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) on whether the Uniform Relocation Act (URA) provides private property owners with a private right of action: it does not.  The Pacific Shores Property Owners Association sued the FAA over improvements the Border Coast Regional Airport Authority is required to make to a regional airport, Del Norte County Regional Airport, also known as Jack McNamera Field.  To meet the FAA's runway safety standards, the Authority had to close roads and acquire nearby lots to make up for the wetlands lost as a result of the improvements.  Congress had previously allocated federal funds to assist local airports with the required improvements. 

Pacific Shores wanted the FAA to "administer and monitor" the Authority and its use of the federal funds pursuant to section 4655 of the URA.  However, the FAA argued, and the court agreed, that the FAA's only responsibility under that provision is to receive satisfactory assurances from the acquiring agency that the agency will be guided by the land acquisition policies in the URA.  The URA does not provide a private right of action or remedy by which property owners can hold the FAA liable for not receiving satisfactory assurances.  The court goes on to say that even if there was some violation of a federal statute, it does not automatically give that person a private cause of action.

The Court dismissed three of Pacific Shores' causes of action for inverse condemnation, CEQA violations and violations of the California Constitution saying it did not have jurisdiction over those causes of action and that they can be filed again in state court.

  • Bernadette  Duran-Brown

    Bernadette Duran-Brown is a real estate litigation attorney primarily focusing on eminent domain, inverse condemnation, regulatory takings and valuation matters.  With more than a decade of experience, she has advised numerous ...

California Eminent Domain Report is a one-stop resource for everything new and noteworthy in eminent domain. We cover all aspects of eminent domain, including condemnation, inverse condemnation and regulatory takings. We also keep track of current cases, project announcements, budget issues, legislative reform efforts and report on all major eminent domain conferences and seminars in the Western United States.

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